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Posts tagged "patrice lumumba"

A small crowd of supporters of Albert Kalonji whose ethnic group is not to be represented in the new parliament gather outside the Palais de la Nation, in Kinshasa, for the Independence Day ceremony on June 30th, 1960.

Albert Kalonji was the leader, or Chef Suprême du Peuple Muluba et Protecteur Incontesté des Tribus Associées à son sort (Supreme Chief of the Muluba People and Uncontested Protector of the Associated Tribes), of the short-lived secessionist state of South Kasai during the Congo Crisis.

Inspired by president of Kitanga Province Moise Tshombe’s announcement to secede from Congo due to the political turmoil at the time, declaring Katanga’s independence on July 11th, 1960, Kalonji declared the independence of diamond-rich province South Kasai on August 8th, 1960.

Despite being a member of the same political party as Lumumba, Kalonji despised Lumumba due to the slaughter of thousands of his people, the Luba, which Kalonji blamed on the Congolese central government. This is a claim made by US CIA officer Larry Devlin, who was instrumental in securing US influence on the continent, in his book Chief of Station, Congo.

Kalonji’s reign over his secessionist state was short-lived and, after a four-month military campaign by the Congolese government, he was arrested on December 30th, 1961. Kalonji managed to escape and went on to maintain a government until October 1962.

After Joseph Mobutu’s coup in 1965, South Kasai was divided into two regions to discourage any future secessionist movements.

Kalonji, born either in 1919 or 1929 is still living.

Happy Independence Day to everyone Democratic Republic of Congo!

After years of colonial rule by the Belgians, beginning with King Leopold II and his ruthless ambitions to secure colonial territory in Africa starting in the late 1870s, followed by the establishing of the Congo Free State from 1885-1908, which later became known as the Belgian Congo in the early 20th century, the area known today as the Democratic Republic of Congo officially became an independent nation on June 30th, 1960.

The fight for Congo’s independence was led primarily by the first democratically elected Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo, Patrice Lumumba who would later be brutally assassinated after a Mobuto-led coup deposed him of his position after only three months in office. Lumumba’s assassination was carried out with involvement from British and Belgian governments, the United States (CIA), and local Congolese leaders who opposed Lumumba’s political developments.

A member of the House of Lords, Lord Lea, has written to the London Review of Books saying that shortly before she died, fellow peer and former MI6 officer Daphne Park told him Britain had been involved in the death of Patrice Lumumba, the elected leader of the Congo, in 1961.

(read more)


Malcolm X on the Assasination of Lumumba in the Congo

Malcolm X points to the assassination of Patrice Lumumba in Africa by Moise Tshombe (with the help of the CIA) as a clear example of post-Colonial foreign interference. Lumumba was the first legally elected Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo after he helped win its independence from Belgium in June 1960. Ten weeks later, Lumumba’s government was deposed in a coup. He was subsequently imprisoned and murdered, with clear signs pointing to the support and complicity of both Belgium and the United States.

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(via diasporicroots)

Patrice Émery Lumumba (2 July 1925 – 17 January 1961) 

(via diasporicroots)

We all know, and the whole world knows it, that Algeria is not French, that Angola is not Portuguese, that Kenya is not English, that Ruanda-Urundi is not Belgian. We know that Africa is neither French, nor British, nor American, nor Russian, that it is African
President Patrice Lumumba . 1960 at the All African Conference in Leopoldville. (via b-sama)

(via b-sama)

DYNAMIC AFRICA HOLIDAY GIFT LIST ITEM #12: A Congo Chronicle: Patrice Lumumba in Urban Art

A Congo Chronicle: Patrice Lumumba in Urban Art provides a unique encounter with the Independence movement that took hold in urban cafés of the Congo. 

This study is developed around a series of about fifty urban art or popular paintings, a genre traceable to the 1920s, by the influential artist Tshibumba Kanda-Matulu. It chronicles contemporary social and political realities in its depiction of the dramatic political career of Patrice Lumumba, the father of Congo independence who became the nation’s first Prime Minister in 1960, but was soon after killed under mysterious circumstances. 

This book helps us understand not only how Congolese view the turbulent years of their independence, but also how it relates to their beliefs. The paintings show how art contributes to the creation of a national history and national heroes, and shapes the national consciousness in a newly independent, multi-cultural society. Essays discuss popular urban art, the life of Patrice Lumumba, Tshibumba’s series of Lumumba paintings, the Congolese memory of Lumumba, and Congolese cultural heroes. 

Purchase a copy.

We must write our own stories.

Ah, just wished they’d put the actual Patrice Emery Lumumba instead of the actor that portrayed him, brilliantly so, in Raoul Peck’s biopic.

(via thefemaletyrant)

Collage artwork by Algerian artist Mustapha Boutadjine featuring prominent world history figures from Miriam Makeba and Abdoulaye Sadji, to Patrice Lumumba and Danièle Djamila Amrane-Minne.


Lumumba (Part 1/9)

Film that tells the story of the assassination of Congo’s first democratically elected leader Patrice Emery Lumumba, starring Eriq Ebouaney as the revolutionary Congolese leader.

Dir: Raoul Peck (2000)

Other parts: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9.

Additional viewing: The Assassination of Patrice Lumumba, Lumumba: La Mort Du Prophete

(via soulofcongo-deactivated20130711)

Original footage of Patrice Lumumba's Independence Day speech on June 30th, 1960, taken from the Raoul Peck documentaryLumumba: La Mort du Prophet”.

Watch the entire film here.


Congolese urban art, or popular painting, is a primary medium of urban cultural memory in the Congo. The popular paintings in A Congo Chronicle trace the first non-colonial president of the country, Patrice Lumumba’s story from his winning of the national elections during the period preceding the Congo’s accession to independence, his daring independence tirade, and his subsequent removal from power and execution.

The paintings had a huge impact on the election of Lumumba for the first president, and helped transform him into a powerful symbol. They were made to be within the buying power of the urban middle classes, and could thus be reproduced, hung in homes, and had a major political effect in a country where many people did not read or have access to mass media.

(via darkgirlswirl)

Lumumba (Part 1/9)

Film that tells the story of the assassination of Congo’s first democratically elected leader Patrice Emery Lumumba, starring Eriq Ebouaney as the revolutionary Congolese leader.

Dir: Raoul Peck (2000)

Other parts: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9.

Additional viewing: The Assassination of Patrice Lumumba, Lumumba: La Mort Du Prophete