Located in the Horn of Africa and expanding over the area known as the Afar Triangle - spanning across Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti, lies a salty terrain known as the Danakil Desert.
Despite extremely high temperatures - the highest recorded temperature being 64.4°C/148°F - the region is home to the Afar People who have lived in the area for centuries. Afar People are highly skilled at mining the salt in the area by hand, aided with the use of specially crafted tools.
The Danakil Depression, which forms part of the Afar Triangle, hosts the lowest point in Africa - Lake Asal which lies at 155 metres or 509 feet below sea level.
Many volcanoes also exist in the region, including Erta Ale and the Dabbahu Volcano. In recent years, the Erta Ale volcano has erupted three times - in 2005, 2007 and 2008. The most recently recorded eruption of the Dabbahu volcano was on September 26, 2005.
Within the Erta Ale range lies the Dallol volcanic crater which was formed by a combination of the intrusion of basaltic magma in Miocene salt deposits and subsequent hydrothermal activity. The green liquid, which can be seen above, that surrounds the crater are discharged from hot springs in the area that release brine and acidic liquid. The term Dallol was coined by the Afar people and means dissolution or disintegration describing a landscape made up of green acid ponds (pH-values less than 1) iron oxide, sulfur and salt desert plains.
Happy Independence Day Djibouti!
The Republic of Djibouti is a successor of French Somaliland. It was later referred to as the French territory of the Afars and Issas. The country was created in 19th century after French became interested in the Horn of Africa as a reaction growing British interests in Egypt. The first elections were held in the region on 23rd November 1958.
French President Charles de Gaulle visited Djibouti in August 1966 – it was met with 2 days of public demonstrations by Somalis who demanded independence. Louis Saget was appointed governor general of the region on 21st September 1966. He announced that the French government had decided to stage a referendum to see if the local people still wanted to be a part of the French Republic.
In the referendum held in March 1967 60 percent of the people decided to remain with France. In July 1967, as per an order from France, the name of the region was changed to French Territory of Afars and Issas. The administrative structure of the territory was changed as well by the directive.
In 1975 French government started to face growing and persistent demands for independence from Djibouti. In June 1976 the citizenship law of the region was modified to reflect the importance of Issa Somali. In a referendum in May 1977 the electorate voted in favor of independence. The Republic of Djibouti became a reality on 27th June 1977.
Vintage colonial postcard of a woman from Djibouti.
French-Somaliland (Djibouti) colonial portraits, with names, age & tribe.
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can we say ‘ethnic group’ instead of tribe?
Djibouti, editions Delroisse.
Afar women wear their jewelry both as a display of their wealth and as adornments of beauty, most notably on special occasions such as their wedding day.
As a result of trade, some of the jewelry worn by Afar women comes from as far away as Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Pakistan, and India.
Additionally, these highly prized items are sometimes used as commodities for bartering purposes.
Djibouti's Abdourahman Osman reacts after he competed in the men's 50m freestlye heats swimming event at the London 2012 Olympic Games on August 2, 2012 in London.
Osman failed to qualify past the heat stage with a time of 27.25.
Djibouti’s Yasmin Hassan Farah represented her country at this year’s Olympic games in the women’s singles table tennis event.
Farah was beaten 4-0 in the preliminary round by Brasil’s Caroline Kumahara.
Contrary to popular belief, the Olympics are not just about winning. Time and time again we’ve seen athletes compete with the odds fully stacked against them, but their endurance and perseverance have been worth more than gold. Two such athletes whose spirits and sportsmanship filled crowds both at home and in the stadium with bucket loads of inspiration and were Somalia’s Zamzam Mohamed Farah and Djibouti’s Zourah Ali.
Both women competed in separate heats for the women’s 400m race. Despite each of these women coming in last, well-behind their fellow athletes, they will both be be remembered for their tenacious perseverance.
Djibouti 011-08-1007 by Tarek Charara
Djibouti. Lake Assal. The beach. What appears to be sand is in fact salt.
Djibouti Ville 1989 - 1993
Quartier de Djibouti (Djibouti - République de Djibouti)
Lake Assal (honey lake) is a saline crater lake in the east African country of Djibouti located at the western end of the Gulf of Tadjoura, at the top of the Great Rift Valley, that lies 155 m (509 ft) below sea level making it the lowest point on land in Africa.
(Source: , via digestivepyrotechnics)